What is the difference between Arabica & Robusta Coffee Beans?



As we think of Arabica & Robusta, we can say to ourselves “Who cares what that means, as long as I get my cup of coffee!” Maybe it doesn’t matter at this very moment, but it can be important when you go to order a bag of specialty coffee from your local coffee roaster.


When I began in the coffee industry, I knew little information about coffee. All I knew was how to brew it in an automatic drip coffee maker, and the small facts about it. Now with time, comes experience, and with experience knowledge, so over time I began to learn a lot more about it, and became very interested in it!

 

We rely on our coffee in the morning to boost our energy, and get us started for the day. All the coffee I brew is either by "Pour Over, or French Press!" Do you want to brew a better cup of coffee with some of these great brewing methods? Here is a list of the brewing equipment I use! Check them out, and be sure to get your very own brewing set to brew a better cup of coffee. If you want to learn how to brew a better cup of coffee by some of these brewing methods, CLICK HERE!

Pour Over Kettle

Pour Over Scale

French Press

V60 Pour Over

Chemex Pour Over

Freshly Roasted Coffee

 

In this blog post, we will be covering:

· Why it may be important to know these small facts.

· What does Robusta mean, and what is it in the coffee realm?

· What is “Arabica,” and what is it in the coffee realm?

· What is the difference between these two species of coffee beans?

· Is Arabica or Robusta better quality?

· How much of each species is sold in the world?

· What are you getting when you visit your local coffee roaster or coffee shop?


Why it may be important to know these small facts.

As we are brewing and sipping our coffee every day, we probably are not thinking about “what kind of species the coffee is, and where it came from.” But, these simple facts can be important to those who really care about their coffee. It becomes important when we go to buy a bag of coffee, or when we visit our local coffee roaster.


What is “Robusta,” and what is it in the coffee realm?

So, what does Robusta mean? When we refer to a coffee as Robusta, we are identifying its species. So, you may hear some coffee phenetics say: This coffee is an Arabica Coffee which would mean the species of that coffee would be Arabica. Robusta is a coffee species originated in central Africa. It represents 41% of the coffee production in the world today, the rest being other species.

You may have heard someone talk about Robusta coffee and say that it is bad coffee. Robusta coffee has gotten a bad name in the US due to the fact of it tasting burnt or looking black after it has been roasted. Good Robusta coffee has a smooth rich body, with low acidity and bitterness. Most of the people who are saying Robusta coffee is bad are the ones who have not tasted a good quality cup of Robusta coffee. The quality of coffee really is important when it comes to taste.


 

We rely on our coffee in the morning to boost our energy, and get us started for the day. All the coffee I brew is either by "Pour Over, or French Press!" Do you want to brew a better cup of coffee with some of these great brewing methods? Here is a list of the brewing equipment I use! Check them out, and be sure to get your very own brewing set to brew a better cup of coffee. If you want to learn how to brew a better cup of coffee by some of these brewing methods, CLICK HERE!

Pour Over Kettle

Pour Over Scale

French Press

V60 Pour Over

Chemex Pour Over

Freshly Roasted Coffee

 

What is “Arabica,” and what is it in the coffee realm?

Arabica is another coffee species and is in fact the most common grown coffee species in the coffee industry! It also has the most subvarieties out of all the other coffee species and is believed to be the first coffee species ever cultivated. The Arabica coffee species makes up the largest production of coffee at a 52% of the coffee production in the world. So, if you are visiting your local coffee shop to grab a cup of coffee, it is probably safe to say that it is Arabica coffee.

It is also probably safe to say that 99.9% of all coffee shops in the US today serve “Arabica” coffee beans. Arabica coffee beans are more delicate than other coffee species, making it more prone to disease or failure when being grown.


What is the difference between “Arabica” & “Robusta” Coffee Beans?

So now you may be thinking “You told me all of this information about these two species, but what is the actual difference between them both?” That is exactly what we are about to talk about, so hold on tight with me, and we will get through it so you will know exactly what the difference is between “Arabica” & “Robusta.”

While Arabica has two main varieties, which would be “Typica & Bourbon,” Robusta is a variety of “Canephora” which is the reason we call it just “Robusta.” Though they have been divided into main types, the most distinct differences would be the flavor profiles, and characteristics of each species.

Now come some of the more distinct differences between the two species. Though Arabica beans are superior in taste, Robusta beans contain significantly more caffeine, while the smoother/sweeter taste profile comes from the Arabica bean with notes of chocolate, sugar, & hints of fruits or berries, the stronger snappy bitter taste profile with rubbery overtones comes from the Robusta species.

When in the growing process, Robusta beans have a better immunity to killing off disease, and increased production capacity compared to the Arabica which is more delicate, and prone to disease, making it harder to increase the production capacity.


Is Arabica or Robusta Better Quality?

As these two species dominate the coffee market, there are mixed conceptions on which one of these species is the best quality. As a fact, Arabica has always been the superior of the two species, due to the fact that it has more of a sweeter, smoother taste profile compared to the bitter burnt taste profile of the Robusta coffee bean.

Most prefer a sweet smoother cup of coffee, which makes more people choose Arabica beans, but just like everything, there is a good quality, and a bad quality. Of course you can get a bad quality Arabica coffee, but at the same time, you can get a good quality Robusta coffee, and it can taste very smooth and delicious. It all depends on the quality of the soil, and where the bean is grown. All these different aspects affect how the coffee will taste, and the end result/quality of the cup.


 

We rely on our coffee in the morning to boost our energy, and get us started for the day. All the coffee I brew is either by "Pour Over, or French Press!" Do you want to brew a better cup of coffee with some of these great brewing methods? Here is a list of the brewing equipment I use! Check them out, and be sure to get your very own brewing set to brew a better cup of coffee. If you want to learn how to brew a better cup of coffee by some of these brewing methods, CLICK HERE!

Pour Over Kettle

Pour Over Scale

French Press

V60 Pour Over

Chemex Pour Over

Freshly Roasted Coffee

 

How much of each species is sold in the world?

As I may have mentioned above, Arabica is superior in the coffee realm, and dominates the coffee industry for its wonderful flavors and smooth taste. While Robusta coffee is still sold in some locations, it is very minor making it very few to none. If you may be looking for Robusta coffee, it would be best to talk to your local coffee roaster. Coffee roasters would be more prone to offer Robusta coffee compared to your local coffee shop.

With Arabica coffee dominating the industry, as it sits today it makes up over 52% of the coffee production putting all the other varieties at a lower level. Now Robusta on the other hand is sitting at 41% which is significantly lower than Arabica, but still higher than some of the more rare varieties which we will talk about more in another blog post!


What are you getting when You Visit Your Local Coffee Roaster or Coffee Shop?

We all love to visit our local Coffee Roaster’s or Coffee Shop’s, but when we go there to get our coffee, what species of coffee are you going to be getting? I am sure you all know by now because of all the information I have shared with you.

As I mentioned before, it is probably safe to say that 99.9% of the Coffee Shop’s offer “Arabica” coffee beans since that species of coffee is a lot more relevant and common. Now as for the Coffee Roaster, that might be a little bit different. Some Coffee Roasters like to experiment, and try new kinds of coffee origins, species, varieties, etc… So now that you know a little bit more about the difference between the two species, it might be a good time to go talk to your local coffee roaster, and see what they have to offer, and maybe you will have some fun learning new things.

Coffee is a fun thing to learn about, especially since there is so much science, and in depth information about it. It also is the second most sold commodity, so I would sure hope a lot of people would be interested in learning about it.



More fun information will be coming your way, so be sure to subscribe to our email list, and get all the good updates, and be the first to find out when a new post is up! Also, be sure to visit my website at: www.dreamcabincoffee.com to get your bag of Arabica Beans!

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